One of the essential skills that a driver should know is changing a car’s tire. Whenever you encounter a flat tire, one of the ways to resolve it is by fully replacing it with a new one.
If you have the right tools and knowledge, this task is pretty doable by anyone. Learn the fundamentals of this skill here.
How To Change A Tire Of A Car
Look For A Flat Ground
It will be easier for you to change the tire of your car if it is parked on a leveled area. Inclined and sloped areas will cause your vehicle to roll, preventing you from working properly.
If you are in traffic, step away from the road as far as possible. Next, turn on the hazard lights of your car.
Park The Car
You have to make sure that your car is immovable throughout the duration of the replacement. Hence, you need to put your vehicle in “park” position. For vehicles that have a standard transmission, it should be putting the unit in reverse or first.
Stuck The Tires
You can do this by putting a rock, spare wheel, or concrete in the front part of the back and front tires. In this way, you can guarantee that your car is in place and ready for the changing process.
Get The Jack And Spare Tire
It is crucial for every driver to have a jack and jack stand on their trunk or toolbox. It would really be impossible to lift the vehicle without these tools.
Specifically, you need to place the jack under the frame of the tire that you have been damaged. Make sure that the jack is attached to the metal part of the frame of your car.
Keep in mind that some cars have molded plastic on their bottom part. If you are not going to place the jack in the correct part, the plastic component will crack.
Most car models today have a small mark or notch on the wheel wells. It is in these areas where you should place the jack.
Raise The Jack
Now that you have placed the jack correctly, it is time that you raise its height. Your goal here is to ensure the height of the jack is enough to support the vehicle–as if it is the wheel. Do not raise the jack too high. Otherwise, the vehicle will not be stable, and you will not be able to replace the tire properly.
Loosen The Hubcap
You can remove the hubcap and the nuts by turning them counterclockwise. Keep in mind that it is the right direction in all of the vehicles. Don’t fully take them out from the wheels. You just need to ease their resistance. It is important that the wheel is in contact with the ground. In this way, you can assure that what you are turning is actually the nuts, not the wheel itself.
At this point, you need to use the wrench that came along with your car. If not, you can just get the standard cross wrench. The appropriate wrench can make things easier on your part.
It will also be a prudent move if you bring the correct socket size for the lug nuts of your vehicle. A breaker bar is also handy in these situations.
Lift The Tire Off The Ground
Now that you have loosened the hubcap, you can already lift the tire away from the ground. You can do this by cranking the jack a little higher. By doing this, you will be able to easily take off the tire away from the vehicle.
When lifting the car, make sure that it is stable. If you feel that it is shaking, lower it and find what makes things unstable. If you observed that jack is leaning or tilting, lower and reposition it.
Fully Remove The Nuts
Once the tire is lifted, you can already remove all the nuts from the wheels. Make sure that you turn them counterclockwise so that you will not encounter any trouble.
Remove The Damaged Tire
The tire you removed should be placed under the vehicle. It is a safety measure in the case the jack suddenly fails. If the tire is difficult to remove, there’s a good chance that it is already rusting. Hit the inside half of the tire using a mallet so that you can loosen it.
Place The Spare Tire
Once removed, you can already place the new tire. Make sure that the rim is aligned with the wheel bolts. After that, you can put back the lug nuts.
Be sure that you are installing the tire in the proper position. It should not be backward. Keep in mind that the valve stem of tires is facing outwards, not the other way around.